Results chain is an instrument to show the direction of strategies to achieve objectives of a project at different result levels. The Results Chain also serves as a reference instrument for monitoring and impact evaluation. The major elements of a Result Chain comprises the below elements. The elements are usually drawn from the project project-cycle-management/logical frame-work:
The major elements of a Result Chain
• Activities

• Output
• Use of output
• Outcome (direct result)
• Indirect Result
The Result Chain guides the project management towards “Result -Based monitoring and evaluation which is a modern concept for monitoring and evaluation of development project especially for multilateral cooperation projects.