Problem Analysis is a first step towards building a project planning situation. The causes and effects relationships surrounding a core problem are identified and a problem tree is constructed based on this problem analysis. The preferred way to do this problem analysis is through participatory methods involving stakeholders of different categories. The problem analysis is followed by objective analysis and alternative analysis. Situation analysis beforehand will definitely add value to the outcome of any problem analysis. The core problem is determined based on this problem analysis. The causes and effects relationships as derived from the problem analysis and through the objective analysis and alternative analysis shows the ways and directions towards formulating the expected goal, purpose, output and major activities for a development project.
The different elements associated with project planning like logical frame-work, monitoring and evaluation and project planning matrix take reference from problem analysis in course of project development, project implementation and project management. Problem analysis is the key towards project design and development.
Problem tree: source-odi.org.UK.